According to the English dictionary, Depression refers to the 1.feelings of severe despondency and dejection. It can also be seen as a medical condition and described as a mood disorder that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest in doing something.
Depression is very common among University students, and according to the survey that was taken, depression is caused by various reasons, While the symptoms of depression can vary depending on the severity, there are some standard symptoms to watch for. Depression not only affects your thought and feelings, it can also impact how you act, what you say, and your relationships with others. Common symptoms include: sadness, tiredness, trouble focusing or concentrating, unhappiness, anger, irritability, frustration, loss of interest in pleasurable or fun activities, sleep issues(too much or too little), no energy, craving unhealthy foods, anxiety, isolation, restless, worrying, trouble thinking clearly or making decisions, poor performance at school, relationship issues, dropping out of activities, guilt, suicidal thoughts or tendencies, pain like headaches, menstrual crumps to girls, drug and alcohol abuse among others.
These symptoms are very common among University students and some of them end up committing suicide and performing poorly in their education.
According to the students, depression is caused by various things which are either controllable or not and they include the following;
Abuse. Past physical, sexual, or emotional abuse can increase the vulnerability to clinical depression later in life.
• Certain medications. Some drugs, such as isotretinoin (used to treat acne), the antiviral drug interferon-alpha, and corticosteroids, can increase your risk of depression.
• Conflict. Depression in someone who has the biological vulnerability to develop depression may result from personal conflicts or disputes with family members or friends.
• Death or a loss. Sadness or grief from the death or loss of a loved one, though natural, may increase the risk of depression.
• Genetics. A family history of depression may increase the risk. It’s thought that depression is a complex trait, meaning that there are probably many different genes that each exert small effects, rather than a single gene that contributes to disease risk. The genetics of depression, like most psychiatric disorders, are not as simple or straightforward as in purely genetic diseases as Huntington’s chorea or cystic fibrosis.
• Major events. Even good events such as starting a new job, graduating, or getting married can lead to depression. So can moving, losing a job or income, getting divorced, or retiring. However, the syndrome of clinical depression is never just a “normal” response to stressful life events.
• Other personal problems. Problems such as social isolation due to other mental illnesses or being cast out of a family or social group can contribute to the risk of developing clinical depression.
• Serious illnesses. Sometimes depression co-exists with a major illness or may be triggered by another medical condition.
• Substance abuse. Nearly 30% of people with substance abuse problems also have major or clinical depression. Even if drugs or alcohol temporarily make you feel better, they ultimately will aggravate depression.
A second year student of Arts in Arts at Makerere University committed suicide on Monday November, 2012 after allegedly jumping from one of the top floors of Mary Stuart Hall, a girl’s hostel at the university. Emmanuel Kagyina was attached to University Hall, a boy’s hostel. This was because he was dumped by lover and emotionally he was depressed. Many other cases have been seen and heard from various institutions where students take their lives.
Students think that depression can be controlled and prevented by exercising regularly because exercise helps boost your mood because it releases endorphins in your brain, which makes you feel better. Exercise also helps your brain make new neural connections. Getting the right amount of sleep, Researchers advise 8 hours of sleep a night for optimum performance, but that is not always possible in today’s hectic world. Only you will know the amount of time you truly need to function at your best, figure that time frame out and do your best to hit that goal every night.
Eating g a healthy diet. Eating a low-fat diet, rich in vitamins, nutrients, omega-3s (found in fish), and folic acid can be helpful for mood regulation and balance. You are what you eat, after all. If you eat healthy, you’ll feel healthy – inside and out.