CANON TRAINING EXPERIENCE AT MAKERERE UNIVERSITY

PHOTOGRAPHY BY MARY GOLD ADONGO

Makerere university was last week honored to host the canon academy for a week of fun and hands on training with expert lecturers in the field of photography.

The workshop that started on 20th-25th May 2019 fetched young and passionate photographers from all spheres( young and old) to widen their practical skills in the field of photography.

Many were excited with the experience and the interactions they had with the canon experts. In small groups, participants were practically taught how to operate a camera, qualities of a good picture, how to use different  menu settings on a camera and the aspect of creativity in photography.

Canon is a global managing business with a responsibility to empower and help the new generation to develop their skills, accelerate their passion for imaging and inspiring them through the power of visual story telling.

Canon equips passionate photographers with skills, tools and platforms they need to share their stories with the world and create new opportunities both for themselves and others in the community.

The canon  Miraisha programme is one of canon’s core sustainability programmes which aims to improve people with skills in professional photography, videography and printing.

COMPILED BY :MARY GOLD ADONGO

KEMIGISHA SAUBA

DAVID MUSUMBYA K

THE UNVOICED ADDICTIONS TO BEAUTY

There is nothing essentially unhealthy about being a beauty addict but there are many risks of becoming an explicit beauty addict. In a world where maintaining attractiveness yields real personal and professional advantages, it’s easy to see how augmenting your appearance can create serious gravity. But, when a beauty routine starts to significantly affect your life, it might be time to rethink your relationship to your addictive rituals. After all, being a slave to beauty is not a noble debut. 

Closeup portrait of a woman applying dry cosmetic tonal foundation.

Consider signs of beauty addiction as serious and relative to any other addiction. Among the common signs of beauty addictions include a built up tolerance, prevalence, reverting among others. Cosmetics are physically addictive as it is to some drugs. When considering social pressures, women and not forgetting some men are psychologically dependent on these alluring beauty products. Cosmetic use, especially at an elevated level can however become a very expensive habit to maintain causing distress in families just as with any other addiction.

Girls pose to show off their facial make up. They all say they cant leave their hostels without facial make up.

In drug addiction, the user needs to use more of the drug to experience the same effects previously attained in smaller amounts. The user takes drugs to avoid or relieve withdrawal symptoms. But for a beauty addict, facial makeup or nice hair weaves can prompt a dizzying array of sensations. It is seductive and indulgent and perhaps wasteful to those who just see it. To an addict, buying makeup is fun. Feeling like you cannot stop buying makeup even if you wanted to, however, is not.

Tina is a 23 year old undergraduate student at Makerere University. She loves Brazilian hair weaves and her maroon lip gloss is her favorite attachment. Before joining campus, Tina was casual with no single interest in making stunning appearances. However all this changed when she joined campus and thought making up was a trend.

Tina Bitsinze wearing her Brazilian weave and favorite lip gloss. she says she cant do without any of them.

Months later, Tina’s make up sidelines and obsessions with Brazilian hair weaves developed drastically and there was no turning back. Her buying behavior had completely transformed. “I would fore go lunch but buy my favorite Brazilian weave and maroon lipstick. I can’t do without any of the two” exclaimed Tina.

Her humble attitude towards makeup swiftly ascended to a makeup die-hard to the extent that she dodged class on her bad hair days. She joined numerous beauty groups which eased her updates on new beauty products on the market.  

Make up accessories

There are a lot more girls who experience sudden obsessions with makeup.In a survey I made around Makerere university, many of the girls aged 20-26 that I spoke with say they find themselves repeatedly buying variations of the same thing over and over again and surprisingly don’t wait for it to get finished before purchasing another one. Others were of the view that they find themselves buying beauty products that they don’t use at the end of the day.

Mildrid Oundo, a student at the same university says that she always finds herself buying at least a beauty product whenever she goes for shopping. ‘I don’t know what always compels me but I find myself in the cosmetics section’ she said.

Mildrid is a beauty addict. she spends her free time doing facial makeup to her clients.

According to Dr Yasmine Katende, a counselor at Gulu referral hospital, there has always been stigma attached to addiction, and it is believed that it is attached to good for nothing people. This however is not true, in this era addictions can befall anyone.

He advises that, to get over beauty addictions, one has to first accept that they are addicts. Then give their bodies a chance to experience new things and sensations. This helps destruct them from the addiction and see life in a different way. Talking to friends about your addictions will also help you recover.

In an article titled ‘This Is How One Reddit User Overcame Her Makeup Addiction professor Terri Orbuch, a professor at Oakland University and research professor at the University of Michigan Institute for Social Research says that when it comes to beating any addiction, it’s also important to find something else to occupy your time, whether that means exercising more, listening to music, or just taking a bath. Other ideas: “Be good to yourself in some other way by volunteering in your community,” she says. “Sit down and make a list of things you’ve always wanted to do but haven’t had the time, or things that will make you feel good about yourself.”

The good news is that, one can get over any beauty addictions. Sharing our stories with others can help us cope with our addictions.

WRITTEN BY: MARY GOLD ADONG -MAKERERE UNIVERSITY

Depression, a slow killing poison among students.

A student who looks depressed  Ma

According to the English dictionary, Depression refers to the 1.feelings of severe despondency and dejection. It can also be seen as a medical condition and described as a mood disorder that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest in doing something.

Depression is very common among University students, and according to the survey that was taken, depression is caused by various reasons, While the symptoms of depression can vary depending on the severity, there are some standard symptoms to watch for. Depression not only affects your thought and feelings, it can also impact how you act, what you say, and your relationships with others. Common symptoms include: sadness, tiredness, trouble focusing or concentrating, unhappiness, anger, irritability, frustration, loss of interest in pleasurable or fun activities, sleep issues(too much or too little), no energy, craving unhealthy foods, anxiety, isolation, restless, worrying, trouble thinking clearly or making decisions, poor performance at school, relationship issues, dropping out of activities, guilt, suicidal thoughts or tendencies, pain like headaches, menstrual crumps to girls, drug and alcohol abuse among others.
 These symptoms are very common among University students and some of them end up committing suicide and performing poorly in their education.

Students attending a lecture, this at times becomes a reason for depression

According to the students, depression is caused by various things which are either controllable or not and they include the following; 

Abuse. Past physical, sexual, or emotional abuse can increase the vulnerability to clinical depression later in life.
• Certain medications. Some drugs, such as isotretinoin (used to treat acne), the antiviral drug interferon-alpha, and corticosteroids, can increase your risk of depression.
• Conflict. Depression in someone who has the biological vulnerability to develop depression may result from personal conflicts or disputes with family members or friends.
• Death or a loss. Sadness or grief from the death or loss of a loved one, though natural, may increase the risk of depression.
• Genetics. A family history of depression may increase the risk. It’s thought that depression is a complex trait, meaning that there are probably many different genes that each exert small effects, rather than a single gene that contributes to disease risk. The genetics of depression, like most psychiatric disorders, are not as simple or straightforward as in purely genetic diseases  as Huntington’s chorea or cystic fibrosis.
• Major events. Even good events such as starting a new job, graduating, or getting married can lead to depression. So can moving, losing a job or income, getting divorced, or retiring. However, the syndrome of clinical depression is never just a “normal” response to stressful life events.
• Other personal problems. Problems such as social isolation due to other mental illnesses or being cast out of a family or social group can contribute to the risk of developing clinical depression.
• Serious illnesses. Sometimes depression co-exists with a major illness or may be triggered by another medical condition.
• Substance abuse. Nearly 30% of people with substance abuse problems also have major or clinical depression. Even if drugs or alcohol temporarily make you feel better, they ultimately will aggravate depression.

A second year student of Arts in Arts at Makerere University committed suicide on Monday November, 2012 after allegedly jumping from one of the top floors of Mary Stuart Hall, a girl’s hostel at the university. Emmanuel Kagyina was attached to University Hall, a boy’s hostel. This was because he was dumped by lover and emotionally he was depressed. Many other cases have been seen and heard from various institutions where students take their lives. 

Makereere University Main building

Students think that depression can be controlled and prevented by exercising regularly because exercise helps boost your mood because it releases endorphins in your brain, which makes you feel better. Exercise also helps your brain make new neural connections. Getting the right amount of sleep, Researchers advise 8 hours of sleep a night for optimum performance, but that is not always possible in today’s hectic world. Only you will know the amount of time you truly need to function at your best, figure that time frame out and do your best to hit that goal every night.

Eating g a healthy diet.  Eating a low-fat diet, rich in vitamins, nutrients, omega-3s (found in fish), and folic acid can be helpful for mood regulation and balance. You are what you eat, after all. If you eat healthy, you’ll feel healthy – inside and out.

ERIA WALUSIMBI ON HOW TO HANDLE CHILDREN IN PAIN

       During  our study on why pre mature babies ‘tune out’ and become unresponsive after surgery, Eria Walusimbi a physiotherapist at Kampala Physiotherapy clinic on Monday last week revealed to us that doctors overlook pain in premature infants a reason as to why they ignore administering  pain relief treatment to babies. He said that babies receiving intensive care experience pain much like adults since their brains light up in a very similar way when exposed to the same painful stimulus.

“Pre-mature infants are sensitive to pain because their brain and nervous system are still developing.  A child admitted in an intensive care unit who is not properly assessed for a good treatment is at a high risk of getting overwhelmed by stress that leads to an apparent disconnect between his brain activity and his behavior. Early life pain alters neural circuits in the brain that regulate stress, suggesting pain experienced by infants who often do not receive analgesics while undergoing tests and treatment in neonatal intensive care to permanently alter future responses to anxiety, stress and pain in adulthood,” he said.

Walusimbi added that it is important to treat and care for babies in a way that minimizes both stress and pain because stressed babies may not seem to respond to pain even as their brain is still processing it. “People know little about how babies feel pain. One is supposed to tell that a baby is in distress from their reaction and tell whether they want to be held comfortably or treated. A good balance between analgesia and sedatives makes it possible to avoid future problems,” he said.

He further noted that when new babies are under stress, their brains show a heightened response to pain, therefore care givers ought to be extremely careful while looking after them because a baby won’t tell when he/ she is not okay and sometimes even the visual expression might directly indicate any problem at all.

“While a dampened response to painful and stressful situations may seem advantageous at first, the ability to respond appropriately to a potentially harmful stimulus is necessary in the long term.” he said.

The Shrinking Press Freedom in Uganda


Uganda Human Rights Commission (UHRC) has for years regarded police as the most perpetrator of rights violation of all government institutions and one cannot be surprised by the police and media regulatory agencies for violations of press freedom.

In principle, if not in practice, the laws and regulations governing the media and journalism in Uganda hinge on article 29 (1) (a) of the constitution, which provides that “Every person shall have the right to freedom of speech and expression, which shall include freedom of the press and other media.

Police officer tightly squeezes the neck of a journalist Photo by Katumba Badru

When it is not the law, the state has used some fairly crude methods. it should be remembered that In April 2007, for example, the president met media owners and editors at State House, the seat of the presidency. He accused them of granting his opponents room to abuse him. After reminding them of existing laws, an attendee said, he warned: “I am going to shut down your radios.” After the meeting, some radio owners told their producers not to allow certain individuals to appear on their political talk shows any longer.

Its no surprise that history always repeats its self and this time around telecommunications regulator, Uganda Communications Commission (UCC) has ordered for the immediate suspension of 39 producers, heads of programming and heads of news.

In separate letters sent to the different media houses by UCC executive director Godfrey Mutabazi, UCC claims it has observed misrepresentations information, views, facts and events in a manner likely to mislead or cause alarm to the public during live broadcasts and main news bulletins.

According to the World Press Freedom Index 2019,Uganda is ranked 125 out of the 180 ranked countries, dropping eight places from 117 in 2018 owing to persistent attacks on journalists by security forces and other authorities.The press freedom map, which is distributed in print and digital versions, offers a visual overview of the situation in each country in the Index. The color categories are assigned as follows: good (white), fairly good (yellow), problematic (orange), bad (red) and very bad (black).

A sceenshot of the World Press Freedom map according to the World Press Freedom Index 2019

In a statement dated 3rd May by UHRC, journalists in Uganda have faced some challenges as they exercise their right to seek, receive and impart information including reports of some journalists being subjected to inhuman and degrading treatment, arbitrary deprivation of property and unlawful arrests sometimes including instances of charges under laws that courts have declared to be inconsistent with the Constitution.

There have also been reports of journalists being denied access to news scenes and their equipment being confiscated, damaged or destroyed, as well as operating under poor working conditions with no safety and protection gear; lack of bullet proof kits health and life insurance and in some instances lack identity cards. UHRC has also noted with concern the growing incidence of low professionalism among media practitioners which has in some cases led to irresponsible, inaccurate and unbalanced media reports that have had the potential to excite and inflame rather than inform.
New Vision’s  Charles Etukuri and veteran scribe Isaac Bakka are the best examples.

Following a meeting between Uganda communications commission (UCC) and the National Association of Broadcasters (NAB) , it was agreed upon that the initially suspended 39 workers from the television and radio broadcasters step aside for investigations to take root. All the media houses involved in the scandal are required to provide the video footage that was recorded and run on TV for review by UCC. After the slatted 30 days of investigation, a report will determine whether the journalists have a case to answer as revealed by the UCC executive director Eng. Godfrey Mutabazi

Eng. Godfrey Mutabaazi the CEO Uganda Communications Commission. Photo from internet

The stations affected include NTV, NBS TV, BBS TV, Bukedde TV, Kingdom TV and Salt TV. Others are; Akaboozi FM, Beat FM, Capital FM, CBS FM, Pearl Fm, Sapientia FM and Radio Simba. The media houses were ordered to suspend producers, heads of news, and heads of programs .

Without Press freedom, there is no democracy. If people’s views cannot be heard, then their freedom and voice is candidly being murdered by the state. The Ugandan Press and journalists have been openly and mercilessly been suppressed by regulatory authorities and the most recent being the suspension of 39 Journalists from 13 media houses by the Uganda Communications Commission (UCC) on claims of misinterpretation of information, views, facts and events in a manner likely to mislead and harm the public during broadcasts and main news bulletins.

Media practitioners, scholars, human rights actors and political leaders among which include the Uganda Journalists Association (UJA), the African Center for Media Excellence (ACME), Uganda Parliamentary Press Association(UPPA) , The American Embassy among others have since complained about what many described as UCC’s attack on media freedoms.

“…. it’s depressing to learn of the continued transgression onto the media rights by several government agencies. We are aware of more journalists and media houses whose names and brands have been marked in red by the commission over doing their job in a way that is deemed “ailing”. These excesses by the authorities can’t go unchallenged,” read the UJA president’s letter Hajj Kazibwe Bashir Mbaziira on the on going media attack.

Mbaziira went ahead and said that its time for journalists and all media practitioners to speak out further and louder in unity as a body, otherwise their future stands ripe to be eaten pieces.

In the same spirit, the NAB chairperson, Mr Kin Karisa, said shortly after the meeting with UCC that they will continue to protest as they have always done and that the UCC investigations will not stop media houses from operating. law authorities and organisations like Freedom of Expression Hub, Chapter Four Uganda and The Legal Aid Service Providers Network (LASPNET) did not seat back, they also joined thousands in condemning Mr Mutabazi’s decisions to suspend media employees and his use of excessive powers beyond his mandate to regulate the media and demand for the immediate withdraw of his orders to all affected media houses

Joyce Bagala, one of the 39 journalist that are required to step down by UCC.
Photo from internet

Uganda was one of the countries in the world that celebrated the world press freedom day on 3rd May. For Uganda, this day came days after the communications regulator UCC directed the suspension of 13 broadcasters for broadcasting content alleged to be in breach of the minimum broadcasting standards. however this gave journalists, civil society and activists organisations an opportunity to parade their dismay over press freedom in Uganda. These marched on Kampala streets to raise awareness on the need to safeguard media freedom in the country.

Among participants of the celebrations held at Kampala railway grounds were the chairman of the Uganda Human Rights Commission (UHRC) Med Kaggwa,the head of Human Rights Network for Journalists-Uganda Robert Ssempala, Uganda Prisons Service spokesperson Frank Baine and some delegates from UN human rights.

UHRC was joined by other partners who include UNESCO, UJA, GIZ and OHCHR in Kampala to add their voices to the advocacy for a better operating environment for the media and to open discussion on how enjoyment of the right to freedom of expression and the safety of journalists can be enhanced in Uganda.

The Department of Journalism and Communication at Makerere University through it’s head Dr. William Tayeebwa also condemned the act by the Uganda Communications Commission (UCC) to suspend thirty nine (39) journalists from thirteen media houses both radio and television. He continues to advise (UCC) that the media is a development partner to the state and not it’s enemy.

Dr. Tayeebwa continued to say that, while the Department acknowledges that media practitioners have a concomitant obligation to act responsibly, journalists also need to reaffirm their commitment to promote independent and fact-based reporting.

Dr. William Tayeebwa, the Head of Department of Journalism and Communication at Makerere University. Photo from internet

To the extent that it is legitimate to criminalize the dissemination of information – for example, hate speech and incitement of violence – this should be done through a law of general application rather than a media specific law. If an interest is worthy of criminal protection, it will need to be protected against all forms of dissemination not just publication in the media.

Written by

ADONGO MARY GOLD

MUSUMBYA DAVID KIGUNDU

KEMIGISHA SAUBA

Ndejje University student to Represent Uganda at Miss University Africa Pageant in Nigeria.

Brenda Namukasa a student of Ndejje University (Kampala campus) has been divulged as the only contestant to represent Uganda at the 2019 Miss University Africa Beauty contest in Port Harcourt, the capital and largest city of  Rivers State in Nigeria. The 21 year old is a second year student pursuing a Bachelor’s degree in Business.

Brenda Namukasa is now the Ugandan ambassador for Miss university Africa

“I was overwhelmed by the fact that I emerged out of the group and screening stages. I look at this as a challenge to represent my country and I thank God for the journey I have moved so far,” Namukasa exclaimed.

It should be remembered that Ndejje University has of late been gifted with beauty sovereigns who have made it a trend in winning beauty contests in Uganda. This reminds us of Challa Elma a second year student from this very institution who won the 2018 miss tourism contest.

First held in 2010, the pageant is Africa’s number one Prestigious Non-Bikini Pageant, founded by businessman Taylor Nazzal. The competition has 54 contestants who represent 54 countries in Africa, and the winner of the pageant receives US$50,000 in endorsement deals, a new car and becomes a United Nations Students’ Ambassador. The pageant is the first ever non bikini pageant in the world. The First ever international . The Ugandan fraternity wishes Namukasa the best of lack

Bellow is a video of how it went down during the 2018 miss university Africa finale in Nigeria.

Written by

MARY GOLD ADONGO

DAVID KIGGUNDU

SAUBA KEMIGISHA

THE CONTROVERSY OF GETTING PREGNANT WHILE AT CAMPUS

While focusing on the challenges a university student faces, pregnancy is one of the most unfortunate situation a student would want to get involved with. This is always because they are not ready to be parents and sometimes they are unsure about the father of the child since they sleep around with different men at the same time for benefits such as money and gifts among others. However, unplanned pregnancies still happen among university students. according to the findings by the Center of Reproductive Rights in Uganda, it is revealed that the legal and policy framework is much more expansive than most people believe and that opportunities exist for providing safe and legal abortion services in Uganda for example the 10 key points about Uganda’s laws and policies on termination of pregnancy, the Uganda Shadow Letter and Concluding Observations: CEDAW 2010.

Rosemary Nasanga a counselor at the Counselling Centre Makerere University highlights that students who are unprepared for pregnancy need to know their resources especially how they can protect themselves and how they can deal with the situation incase they are unable or are unwilling to have the child.

Campus life is hard enough that a student needs serious hard work and self-motivation to survive retakes and being broke among other tragedies. Unfortunately, unplanned pregnancies do happen. The number of girls getting pregnant while at Makerere University is quite high.

How a student decides on their unplanned pregnancy is very personal. I don’t advocate for one choice over the other; however, since its ones choice to make, a variety of resources must be readily available for those seeking help.

The Counseling Center provides counseling and emotional help for students who are in need of support. Students can come in completely lost and be directed towards their best options in a confidential setting.

Counselors can set students up with other services, direct them to support groups and provide them with short-term counseling, regardless of the choices they make regarding the pregnancy.

Marie stopes Uganda also offers women with confidential resources along the way. Aside from providing contraception and home pregnancy tests, students can speak with a women’s health nurse regarding their choices, where they will be provided with additional counseling and other options

Dr. Sara helping out a student mother

Reaching out and utilizing resources depend on action. Denial is a large part of unplanned pregnancies; students can be scared of the choice they will eventually have to make.

The Counseling Center empowers pregnant girls to accept the new changes and continue living like other students. The university hospital also allows them to have their antenatal services to ensure they are healthy at a free cost.

However, some students realize that being pregnant while at campus is not the best option for them.

In this case, they can seek for advice about pregnancy and parenthood and learn about other options.

Students need to realize that they do not have to be alone in the decision-making process and that there are several locations available for them when they are in trouble.

No one should have to feel like there’s nowhere for them to turn, and no one for them to talk to. There are always people you can turn to, and this campus makes sure there are places that can help students in difficult situations.

COMPILED BY KEMIGISHA SAUBA

MARY GOLD ADONGO

MUSUMBYA DAVID